Blood Bank in Jalandhar
The blood bank at KMH Kamal Multispecialty Hospital in Jalandhar is conveniently located with no other blood bank, offering whole human blood/blood components to indoor patients and the region’s many private hospitals/nursing homes. A blood bank in Jalandhar is a facility where donated blood is amassed and maintained for future blood transfusions. Generally, the phrase ‘blood bank’ refers to a place in the hospital where blood components are stored, and vital checking is performed (to reduce the threat of transfusion-related adverse results).
What is blood banking?
Blood banking is the process in the lab to ensure that donated blood, or blood products, are safe before transfusing.
Facts about blood banking
- Reports say that about 36,000 units of all types of blood groups are in demand every day.
- There are 13.5 million blood units donated every year.
- Every unit of blood is divided into various components, such as red blood cells, plasma, cryoprecipitate AHF, and platelets. We can transfuse one unit of blood to many patients per their needs when their components are separated from the unit.
Who are the blood donors?
Most blood donors are volunteers. For availability at the right time, some patients donate their blood a couple weeks before the surgery. This type of self-donation is called an autologous donation. There are a few criteria when you want to be a volunteer donor. These are:
- The Volunteer Donor must be at least 18 years of age.
- They must be in good health.
- They have at least 50 Kg of weight.
- They must pass the physical and health history exam given before blood donation.
What tests are done in blood banking?
Once blood is donated, a set of standard tests is performed in a lab, including, but not limited to:
- Typing: ABO group (blood type)
- Rh typing (positive or negative antigen)
- Testing for red blood cell antibodies that might cause problems in the recipient
- Screening for current or previous infections, including:
- 1. Hepatitis viruses B and C
2. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
3. Human T-lymphotropic viruses (HTLV) I and II
- T-lymphocytes in donated blood were disabled by irradiation.
- White blood cells containing antibodies can cause fevers and other complexes in the recipient.
What are the blood types?
The distribution of blood types includes the following:
- O Rh-positive – 39%
- A Rh-positive – 31%
- B Rh-positive – 9%
- O Rh-negative – 9%
- A Rh-negative – 6%
- A.B. Rh-positive – 3%
- B Rh-negative – 2%
- A.B. Rh-negative – 1%
What are the components of blood?
There are 5 components in one unit of blood. The functions of all members are:
Red blood cells (RBC):- These RBCs carry oxygen to the tissues in the body and are commonly used to treat anaemia.
Platelets:- They help the blood clot and are used to treat leukemia and other types of cancer.
White blood cells (WBC):- These cells help to fight infection and enhance the immune system.
Plasma:- The liquid part of the blood in which all the above three components are absent. Plasma carries many parts of the blood through the bloodstream. Plasma serves a variety of purposes, including the following:
- It helps to maintain blood pressure
- Provides proteins for blood clotting
- Balances sodium and potassium levels
Cryoprecipitate AHF (CAHF):- Blood clotting factors are found in the plasma portion. Transfusions may also be performed with albumin, immune globulins, and clotting factor concentrates.